Skin Diseases

What is eczema?

Eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis) is a common skin condition that causes inflamed, scaly patches on the skin. Eczema can occur anywhere but usually affects the arms, inner elbows, back of the knees, or head (particularly the cheeks and scalp). It is not contagious. In some cases it becomes less severe with age.

What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes the rapid build-up of skin cells. This causes scaling on the skin’s surface.

What is rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that usually affects the face. Many people may mistake rosacea for rosy cheeks, sunburn, or acne.

How can you keep your skin healthy?

  • Protect it from sun damage with sunscreen, a hat, and clothes
  • Don't smoke
  • Keep it moisturised
  • Eat healthily
  • Manage your stress

While most skin conditions are minor, others can indicate a more serious issue. Contact your doctor if you think you might have one of these skin condition.

What causes acne?

Acne is caused by your skin making too much sebum (oil) which, along with dead skin cells, clogs the pores in your skin. This causes the perfect conditions for bacteria to grow.
Hormones and many underlying conditions can play a role in developing acne. It can also be a side effect of taking certain medications.
Acne shows up as different types of bumps, such as blackheads, whiteheads, pimples or cysts.

Who is affected by acne?

Acne is the most common skin condition, affecting 85% of 12-24 year olds. It usually starts at puberty when higher levels of sex hormones (known as androgens) create an increase in the size and oil production of glands. If your parents had acne as teenagers, you’re likely to have it too.
Many women and teenage girls notice their acne worsens just before their period. This is because of changes in female sex hormones (such as oestrogen) which can contribute to blocked and inflamed pores.

How is acne treated?

Most often, can will go away on its own towards the end of puberty. However, some people will struggle with acne in adulthood. Almost all acne can be successfully treated, and it’s a matter of finding the right treatment for you. A dermatologist can often help you find the right skincare regime. It may involve applying creams to your face, a change in diet, or even medication.

What is skin positivity?

Acne can affect more than your skin. Many people with acne are self-conscious about their appearance and have an increased risk of developing major depression. Skin positivity tries to tackle this and is about confidence, self-love, and reducing the stigma that can be associated with visible skin conditions such as acne, scarring, birthmarks, and others.